Cyber Physical Systems – Changing the World

A cyber-physical system (CPS) is an interconnected group of physical systems controlled by computer software. They allow for the utilization of embedded, real-time computing in physical processes and create new opportunities in manufacturing, engineering, transportation & more. Examples include smart homes, automated manufacturing, and self-driving cars.

Cyber-physical systems have the potential to help people live healthier, safer, and more fulfilling lives. Your system needs to be built on understanding how humans interact with them, how they will evolve, and the cyber-security implications.

Cyber-physical architecture is a new design approach for buildings and other structures that integrates the physical world with the digital one.

When setting up a cyber-physical system, you must optimize the following five components: computation, communication, connection, context, and contact. These components of the cyber-physical architecture are interconnected as they all interact in one system.

Computation: This component deals with the physical objects in the world. It has been designed to work with computers through digital data to process and make sense of the information it receives from the world.

Communication: Your focus is on making connections between people and computers. It represents the physical devices that transmit data and connect people through wires, antennas, and satellites.

Connection: This component deals with the physical connections between the computer system and the world. These connections allow users to use the information provided by computers in a way that is relevant to them.

Context: This component deals with defining location in terms of space, time, and other variables. It comprises physical objects, such as building infrastructure and devices that surround a computer system and share information with it.

Contact: This component deals with the physical connection between humans and computers. This is usually provided through touch screens, telephones, and keyboards.


An Audit determines whether a process or transaction has followed the applicable rules or anything abnormal from the normal. This is the basic fundamentals to auditing and the auditor created rules to check if those transactions are Compliant or Non-Compliant. Every Audit is an independent opinion and by far it is always important to get an external opinion because your internal opinion can be biased or safeguarded within closed boundaries. The impact that an external auditor creates is larger than the information shared by an internal auditor. Saying so no matter how small or big your organization may be, Auditing should be an exercise that must be undertaken on a regular basis to keep your effectiveness and realize the company’s objectives also maintain an healthy system. So whenever an audit happens, you are always getting better than the last time.